ABOUT ORTHODONTICS

Orthodontics is the speciality of dentistry dedicated to diagnosis, prevention and treatment of malocclusion and irregularities of the teeth and jaw. The technical term for these problems is malocclusion (bad bite).

Orthodontists are specialist dentists who limit their practice exclusively to providing orthodontic care. The treatment may involve the use of corrective appliances (e.g. braces, plates, functional appliances and headgear) to bring teeth and jaws into proper alignment.

WHY IS ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT NEEDED?

People have orthodontic treatment to improve the appearance, health and function of their teeth.

Appearance:
Most people are very self-conscious of how their teeth look when they smile and having straight teeth and an attractive smile may enhance self-esteem.
Hygiene:
It can be a problem to keep teeth clean if there are crowding and overlapping present, which can lead to tooth decay and gum problems.
Having your teeth straightened will make it easier to keep them clean.
Tooth Wear/Gum Damage:
Some occlusions (bites) may lead to clenching, grinding and excessive wear of teeth or damage to gum tissue.
Jaw Joint Problems:
Some occlusion (bites) may stress the jaws causing pain/discomfort.
Speech Difficulties:
Some people may have speech problems due to poor alignment of their teeth or jaws.